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Central African Republic

Description of Central African Republic

Central African Republic is located in the center of Africa. The country shares borders with Chad, Cameroon, South Sudan, Sudan, Republic of Congo, and Democratic Republic of Congo. Until the early part of the 1800s the people of Central African Republic lived in the Sudanic zone of the continent and did not have a lot of contact with those outside of the area. Muslim traders started to penetrate the area during the first part of the 19th century and relationships with local leaders were developed and trade and settlement began in the region. When Muslims first arrived in the area it was quite peaceful. However, after the year 1850 slave traders penetrated the region with soldiers who were well-armed. 

During the late 19th century, European penetration began. During what is sometimes referred to as the scramble for Africa, Belgium, France, and Britain all competed in order to establish a claim on territory located in the central African area. 

In the year 1889, France created a post located on the Ubangi River located at Bangui. This was to become the capital of CAR. The French colony was named Ubangi Shari. 

On the first of December in the year 1958 Ubangi-Shari took the name of Central African Republic and became an autonomous territory. Barthelme Buganda, the founding father of the area, died in 1959 in a mysterious plane accident. This was 8 days before the last colonial era elections. CAR gained independence on August 13th, 1960. 

Since this time there have been several coups including a time where the area was under control of Jean-Bedel Bokassa, who was a self-declared emperor. There is periodic violence from several groups of rebels. This remains one of the most unstable, lawless, and dangerous nations in the world.

Visiting Central African Republic 

It is important to note that in March of 2013, Bangui, which is the capital city of the country, was taken over by jihadist rebels. Since that time the country has remained relatively unstable. Travel to the country is discouraged as it is considered dangerous. If you must go into the country for any reason you will need to read more about entering a war zone and how to stay safe when traveling in this type of area. 

There are a few interesting areas in the country that may be worth visiting one day if the political situation is ever under control and the country becomes safe for travelers. There are some Pygmy settlements located throughout the rainforests that surround Mbaiki. 

The Manovo-Gounda National Park in St. Floris is on the World Heritage List from UNESCO. Another national park of interest is Dzanga-Sangha National Park which is home to elephants and gorillas.  Chutes De Boali offers waterfalls that are 50 meters high. 

To get into the Central African Republic you will need to have a visa and as of August of 2013 the border shared with Cameroon has been closed. Visas will take 2 days to process and they cost $150. 

Some facts about Central African Republic

Population of country 4,844,927 people
Area of Central African Republic 622,984 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Africa (AF)
Capital of Central African Republic Bangui
Currency at Central African Republic Franc (XAF)
Domain Zone .cf
Phone country code 236
FIPS code of Central African Republic CT

Gallery of Central African Republic

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Central African Republic video guide

More information about Central African Republic

Climate of Central African Republic:
  • tropical
  • hot, dry winters
  • mild to hot, wet summers
Terrain of Central African Republic:
  • vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau
  • scattered hills in northeast and southwest
Central African Republic also has such useful resources as: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower.

Top cities of Central African Republic


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Bangui 542,393 people Commune de Bangui 4.36122 x 18.55496
2 Bimbo 129,655 people Prefecture de l' Ombella-Mpoko 4.25671 x 18.41583
3 Mbaiki 67,132 people Prefecture de la Lobaye 3.86781 x 17.98923
4 Berberati 61,815 people Prefecture de la Mambere-Kadei 4.26116 x 15.79216
5 Kaga Bandoro 56,520 people Prefecture de la Nana-Grebizi 6.98961 x 19.18744
6 Bozoum 40,201 people Prefecture de l' Ouham-Pende 6.31933 x 16.37992
7 Carnot 38,071 people 4.9409 x 15.86645
8 Sibut 34,267 people Prefecture de la Kemo 5.71801 x 19.07389
9 Bambari 32,547 people Prefecture de la Ouaka 5.76795 x 20.67565
10 Bria 29,027 people Prefecture de la Haute-Kotto 6.54233 x 21.98633
11 Bouar 28,581 people Prefecture de la Nana-Mambere 5.93404 x 15.59599
12 Bossangoa 27,428 people Prefecture de l' Ouham 6.49263 x 17.45518
13 Nola 26,809 people Prefecture de la Sangha-Mbaere 3.52716 x 16.04
14 Bangassou 24,361 people Prefecture du Mbomou 4.74132 x 22.81838
15 Damara 20,093 people 4.96075 x 18.7035
16 Mobaye 19,431 people Prefecture de la Basse-Kotto 4.31902 x 21.17861
17 Paoua 18,441 people Prefecture de l' Ouham-Pende 7.24269 x 16.44059
18 Boda 16,655 people 4.31887 x 17.46953
19 Ippy 16,571 people 6.26793 x 21.22468
20 Batangafo 15,310 people Prefecture de l' Ouham 7.30082 x 18.2833
21 Alindao 14,234 people 5.02666 x 21.20876
22 Zemio 14,000 people 5.03144 x 25.13614
23 Kabo 13,637 people Prefecture de l' Ouham 7.69937 x 18.62903
24 Rafai 13,459 people 4.95 x 23.91667
25 Bouca 13,250 people 6.51046 x 18.27331
26 Obo 12,887 people Prefecture du Haut-Mbomou 5.39978 x 26.48688
27 Ndele 11,764 people Prefecture de la Bamingui-Bangoran 8.41091 x 20.64728
28 Kembe 11,513 people 4.62275 x 21.88645
29 Mongoumba 10,885 people 3.64153 x 18.59364
30 Birao 10,178 people Prefecture de la Vakaga 10.28488 x 22.78818

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