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Iraq

Description of Iraq

Iraq is a country in South-West Asia. It shares borders with Turkey in the north, with Iran in the east, with Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in the south, and with Jordan and Syria in the west. The country is washed by the Persian Gulf in the south. Iraq occupies an area of 434,924 square kilometers. In the northern region of Iraq, Al Jazeera, is the Armenian Highland, reaching a height of 2135 m near the Turkish border. The highest point of Iraq, the Haji Ibrahim Mount (3600 m), is situated in the north-east in the Iranian Plateau. Further to the south, lies the vast plain of the valley of the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers. In the far south of Iraq is a waterlogged plain, and to the west of the Euphrates, the valley passes to the Syrian Desert. Besides the two major rivers of the country - the Tigris and the Euphrates, the tributaries of the Tigris River are large enough: the Great Zab, the Little Zab and the Diyala River.

Iraq has a very rich history. In the territory of present-day Iraq, famous ancient states were flourishing: the Sumerian kingdom, founded around the IV century B.C.; from the 3rd to the middle of the 1st century B.C., the territory was under the rule of the Babylonian and Assyrian kingdoms. From 539 to 331 B.C., Iraq was part of the Persian Empire, and later, during a period of 200 years, was part of the empire of Alexander the Great. Over time, the country was ruled by the Persian dynasties, and in the VII century B.C., Arabs came to the country. From 750 to 1258, Baghdad was the capital of the Abbasid caliphs. In 1258, the country was ravaged by the Mongol invaders, and for a long time, Turkish and Iranian rulers struggled for its possession. Only in the XVII century, Iraq finally became part of the Ottoman Empire. In the late XIX - early XX century, there was a movement for the liberation from the Turkish rule in Iraq. Britain, which was interested in the region, was actively helping Iraq. In August 1921, Iraq gained the independence, and then Faisal I was elected as a king. Until 1932, Britain had a mandate to govern Iraq through its commissioner. In February 1958, the Arab Union of Iraq and Jordan was formed, but on July 14, 1958, the monarchy was overthrown in a bloody military coup, the king was killed, and the Arab Union was disintegrated. On July 15, Iraq was proclaimed a republic. Since then, the country has experienced several military coups. As a result of the latest of them, the current Iraqi president Saddam Hussein came to power. One of the recent international crisis caused by Iraq's policy in the region, was the occupation of Kuwait: on August 28, 1990, Iraq declared Kuwait its 19th province and brought there its troops. The international community, led by the United States, organized an operation to liberate Kuwait, and at the end of February 1991, Iraqi forces were driven out of the country. Iraq is a member of the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, the International Labor Organization, the Arab League, and the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.

Most of Iraq is located in the area of the continental climate. In the north, in the mountainous area, it often snows in winter. In central Iraq, summers are long and hot, winters are short and cool. The average January’s temperature in Baghdad is about +9.5 C; the average July’s temperature is about +33 C. In the southern region of the country, the climate is very humid and the temperature often exceeds +50 C. Most rain falls are usually in the northern part of Iraq; in the central valley, the average annual precipitation is less than 152 mm. The vegetation of the country is not rich: in the south and south-west, there are deserts; among rare trees of the central region one can find palm trees and poplars. The fauna is rich enough: cheetahs, gazelles, antelopes, lions, hyenas, wolves, jackals, rabbits, bats, and jerboas. Among the variety of birds of prey, vultures, crows, owls, several types of hawks, and buzzards should be noted. There is also a large number of lizards.

Some facts about Iraq

Population of country 29,671,605 people
Area of Iraq 437,072 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Middle East (AS)
Capital of Iraq Baghdad
Currency at Iraq Dinar (IQD)
Domain Zone .iq
Phone country code 964
FIPS code of Iraq IZ

Gallery of Iraq

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Iraq video guide

More information about Iraq

Climate of Iraq:
  • mostly desert
  • mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers
  • northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
Terrain of Iraq:
  • mostly broad plains
  • reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas
  • mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey
Iraq also has such useful resources as: petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur.

Top cities of Iraq


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Baghdad 5,672,513 people Muhafazat Baghdad 33.34058 x 44.40088
2 Al Basrah 2,600,000 people Muhafazat al Basrah 30.53488 x 47.78885
3 Al Mawsil al Jadidah 2,065,597 people Muhafazat Ninawa 36.33464 x 43.09777
4 Al Basrat al Qadimah 2,015,483 people Muhafazat al Basrah 30.49721 x 47.81491
5 Mosul 1,739,800 people Muhafazat Ninawa 36.335 x 43.11889
6 Erbil 932,800 people Muhafazat Arbil 36.19257 x 44.01062
7 Abu Ghurayb 900,000 people Muhafazat Baghdad 33.30833 x 44.185
8 As Sulaymaniyah 723,170 people Muhafazat as Sulaymaniyah 35.56113 x 45.43749
9 Kirkuk 601,433 people Muhafazat Kirkuk 35.46806 x 44.39222
10 An Najaf al Ashraf 482,576 people Muhafazat an Najaf 31.99854 x 44.33976
11 Karbala' 434,450 people Muhafazat Karbala' 32.61144 x 44.00847
12 An Nasiriyah 400,249 people Dhi Qar 31.05205 x 46.26102
13 Al `Amarah 323,302 people Maysan 31.84064 x 47.1396
14 Ad Diwaniyah 318,801 people Muhafazat al Qadisiyah 31.99051 x 44.93063
15 Al Kut 315,162 people Muhafazat Wasit 32.5147 x 45.81902
16 Al Hillah 289,709 people Muhafazat Babil 32.48014 x 44.43526
17 Ar Ramadi 274,539 people Anbar 33.42257 x 43.30584
18 Al Fallujah 190,159 people Anbar 33.3538 x 43.77951
19 Samarra' 158,508 people Muhafazat Salah ad Din 34.20096 x 43.87562
20 As Samawah 152,890 people Muhafazat al Muthanna 31.33198 x 45.2944
21 Ba`qubah 152,550 people Diyala 33.74846 x 44.65545
22 Sinah 128,776 people Muhafazat Dahuk 36.80902 x 43.03886
23 Az Zubayr 122,676 people Muhafazat al Basrah 30.39447 x 47.70114
24 Al Faw 104,569 people Muhafazat al Basrah 29.97763 x 48.47412
25 Zakhu 95,052 people Muhafazat Dahuk 37.14817 x 42.70008
26 Al Harithah 92,395 people Muhafazat al Basrah 30.71861 x 47.72083
27 Ash Shatrah 82,732 people Dhi Qar 31.41171 x 46.17418
28 Al Hayy 78,272 people Muhafazat Wasit 32.17349 x 46.0433
29 Chamchamal 75,634 people Muhafazat as Sulaymaniyah 35.53653 x 44.83167
30 Khalis 70,046 people Diyala 33.81996 x 44.52637

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