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Ireland

Description of Ireland

Ireland is a Western European country, located in the north of the Atlantic Ocean, and it occupies most of the island of Ireland. Irish and North Seas, as well as St. George Strait, wash Ireland from the east; the rest of the coast is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. This is one of the small European countries with an area of 70 thousand square kilometers. However, it is more than twice larger than such countries as Belgium and the Netherlands, although is several times inferior to them in terms of population: there are 3 million people living in Ireland.

The coast of Ireland is rocky and hugely divided by bays. A lot of rocky islands are situated near the coast of Ireland. Landscapes are predominantly plains: in the interior is a vast central plain. The outskirts of the island include low mountains (the highest point is the Mount Carrantuohill) and the plateau (the largest is Antrim).

Most of the surface of the island is occupied by meadows, heaths. Here grow as alpine plants that are characteristic of the north, as southern European species. Broadleaf and mixed forests cover less than 10% of the territory.

Ireland is a parliamentary republic. The head of state is the president. Legislative body of the country is the parliament, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The administrative structure of the country is very simple: it is divided into four historic provinces - Ulster, Connacht, Leinster and Munster, consisting of 26 counties, including the capital city of Dublin and its suburbs.

Some facts about Ireland

Population of country 4,622,917 people
Area of Ireland 70,280 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Ireland Dublin
Currency at Ireland Euro (EUR)
Domain Zone .ie
Phone country code 353
FIPS code of Ireland EI

Gallery of Ireland

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Ireland video guide

More information about Ireland

Climate of Ireland:
  • temperate maritime
  • modified by North Atlantic Current
  • mild winters, cool summers
  • consistently humid
  • overcast about half the time
Terrain of Ireland:
  • mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains
  • sea cliffs on west coast
Ireland also has such useful resources as: natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite.

Top cities of Ireland


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Dublin 1,024,027 people Leinster 53.34399 x -6.26719
2 Cork 190,384 people Munster 51.89797 x -8.47061
3 Dun Laoghaire 185,400 people 53.29395 x -6.13586
4 Limerick 90,054 people Munster 52.66472 x -8.62306
5 Galway 70,686 people Connaught 53.27194 x -9.04889
6 Tallaght 64,282 people Leinster 53.2859 x -6.37344
7 Waterford 47,904 people Munster 52.25833 x -7.11194
8 Drogheda 33,441 people Leinster 53.71889 x -6.34778
9 Dundalk 33,428 people Leinster 54 x -6.41667
10 Bray 32,317 people Leinster 53.20278 x -6.09833
11 Swords 29,816 people Leinster 53.45972 x -6.21806
12 Navan 24,545 people Leinster 53.65278 x -6.68139
13 Ennis 24,427 people Munster 52.84361 x -8.98639
14 Tralee 22,941 people Munster 52.27042 x -9.70264
15 Kilkenny 21,589 people Leinster 52.65417 x -7.25222
16 Blackrock 20,701 people Leinster 53.3015 x -6.1778
17 Naas 20,554 people Leinster 53.21583 x -6.66694
18 Sligo 20,228 people Connaught 54.26969 x -8.46943
19 Carlow 20,055 people Leinster 52.84083 x -6.92611
20 Droichead Nua 18,860 people Leinster 53.18194 x -6.79667
21 Celbridge 18,167 people Leinster 53.33861 x -6.54361
22 Loch Garman 17,708 people Leinster 52.33417 x -6.4575
23 Clonmel 17,394 people Munster 52.355 x -7.70389
24 An Muileann gCearr 17,262 people Leinster 53.53333 x -7.35
25 Letterkenny 16,901 people Ulster 54.95 x -7.73333
26 Baile Atha Luain 15,951 people Leinster 53.43333 x -7.95
27 Leixlip 15,729 people Leinster 53.36583 x -6.49556
28 Malahide 14,057 people Leinster 53.45083 x -6.15444
29 Portlaoise 13,622 people Leinster 53.03441 x -7.29979
30 Carrigaline 12,902 people Munster 51.81167 x -8.39861

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