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Luxembourg

Description of Luxembourg

Luxembourg’s official Name is Great Duchy of Luxembourg, and is located in Western Europe. It shares borders with Belgium, Germany, and France. It occupies an area of 2586 square kilometers that is about three and a half of Kiev. It has a population of 425.000 citizens. There are only 290 thousand of native Luxembourgers in the country, other 130 thousand are foreigners. Most of them are the Portuguese, Italians, but also there are a lot of other Europeans and representatives of the Third World. The average density of population is about 164 people per square kilometer. Life expectancy is about 76 years. Population growth is of 1.4 percent. The birth rate (per 1,000 people) is 11.1; the mortality rate (per 1,000 people) is 9.3.

The capital of the country is Luxembourg (78.300 people). The largest cities are Diekirch (32,000 people), Esch (24,000 people), and Klervo. Among prominent places and monuments of Luxembourg there are the Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame (18th century), the Grand Ducal Palace, and others.

The country’s territory is dominated by hills. The climate is mild, passing from maritime into continental. The average January temperature is 0-2 C, in July 18 C. The annual rainfall ranges from 700-1000 mm. There are two main rivers in the country: the Moselle and the Sur River (which form the eastern border of the country). These rivers belong to the basin of the river Moselle. Approximately 1/3 of the duchy’s territory is occupied by oak and beech forests. They are located in Oesling and in the northern part of Gutland. The south of the country, with its green pastures, is called Bon Pays (which means "good land").

Some facts about Luxembourg

Population of country 497,538 people
Area of Luxembourg 2,586 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Luxembourg Luxembourg
Currency at Luxembourg Euro (EUR)
Domain Zone .lu
Phone country code 352
FIPS code of Luxembourg LU

Gallery of Luxembourg

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Luxembourg video guide

More information about Luxembourg

Climate of Luxembourg:
  • modified continental with mild winters, cool summers
Terrain of Luxembourg:
  • mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys
  • uplands to slightly mountainous in the north
  • steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast
Luxembourg also has such useful resources as: iron ore (no longer exploited), arable land.

Top cities of Luxembourg


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Luxembourg 76,684 people District de Luxembourg 49.61167 x 6.13
2 Esch-sur-Alzette 28,228 people District de Luxembourg 49.49583 x 5.98056
3 Dudelange 18,013 people District de Luxembourg 49.48056 x 6.0875
4 Schifflange 8,155 people District de Luxembourg 49.50639 x 6.01278
5 Bettembourg 7,437 people District de Luxembourg 49.51861 x 6.10278
6 Petange 7,187 people District de Luxembourg 49.55833 x 5.88056
7 Ettelbruck 6,364 people District de Diekirch 49.8475 x 6.10417
8 Diekirch 6,242 people District de Diekirch 49.86778 x 6.15583
9 Strassen 6,006 people District de Luxembourg 49.62056 x 6.07333
10 Bertrange 5,615 people District de Luxembourg 49.61111 x 6.05
11 Belvaux 5,313 people District de Luxembourg 49.51278 x 5.92944
12 Differdange 5,296 people District de Luxembourg 49.52417 x 5.89139
13 Mamer 5,017 people District de Luxembourg 49.6275 x 6.02333
14 Soleuvre 4,988 people District de Luxembourg 49.52556 x 5.94056
15 Wiltz 4,816 people District de Diekirch 49.96889 x 5.93194
16 Echternach 4,787 people District de Grevenmacher 49.80556 x 6.42222
17 Rodange 4,683 people District de Luxembourg 49.54639 x 5.84083
18 Obercorn 4,666 people District de Luxembourg 49.51361 x 5.89611
19 Bascharage 4,645 people District de Luxembourg 49.5675 x 5.91028
20 Kayl 4,396 people District de Luxembourg 49.48917 x 6.03972
21 Grevenmacher 3,958 people District de Grevenmacher 49.67472 x 6.44194
22 Bereldange 3,627 people District de Luxembourg 49.65694 x 6.1275
23 Mersch 3,464 people District de Luxembourg 49.74889 x 6.10611
24 Mondercange 3,306 people District de Luxembourg 49.53306 x 5.98833
25 Remich 3,187 people District de Grevenmacher 49.545 x 6.36694
26 Niedercorn 3,164 people District de Luxembourg 49.53611 x 5.89306
27 Mondorf-les-Bains 3,113 people District de Grevenmacher 49.505 x 6.28111
28 Tetange 2,929 people District de Luxembourg 49.47583 x 6.04222
29 Bissen 2,547 people District de Luxembourg 49.7875 x 6.06944
30 Sandweiler 2,522 people District de Luxembourg 49.61333 x 6.21889

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