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Papua New Guinea

Description of Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea officially known as Independent State of Papua New Guinea is located on the Oceania continent that occupies east half part of the island of the New Guinea. The capital of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby.

History

Human beings first arrived in the Papua New Guinea around 60,000 years ago according to archeological evidence. The European navigators have sighted this in the early of the 16th century, i.e., by the Portuguese and the Spanish.

Though Europeans have visited and explored the coastline of the island, there were only a few inhabitants till the 1870s.

Agriculture is developed in this island around the 7000 BC. It is one of the few areas which people have cultivated plants independently.

Till the year 1949, Papua and New Guinea are separate administrations which are controlled by Australia.

One of the main military campaigns of 2nd world war is, New Guinea campaign, i.e., in between 1942 to 1945.

Map

Papua New Guinea is located in eastern and southern hemispheres with Indonesia being the land boundary. It has the coastline of 5, 152 km. The extreme points of the Papua New Guinea are Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m in High and Coral Sea and South Pacific Ocean at low.

Language

The official languages of Papua New Guinea are Hiri Motu, English, Tok Pisin and sign language.

Culture

The culture of Papua New Guinea is complex and many-sided. According to estimation, there are 7000 various cultural groups of Guinea people that exist in the region. There were many Cannibals in Papua New Guinea early.

Each group has its own form of dance, art, costume, music, architecture, singing and lots more.

People live in villages rely on farming and they have their own language. Some people used to hunt wild animals, some collect plants to supplements their meals.

Sports have been the important part of the culture of Papua New Guinea. The most popular sport is the rugby league.

Many people of the state are illiterate and the women are predominating in this region.

Holidays

There are many public holidays in the region and they include January 1(New Year's Day), April 3 (Good Friday), April 4 (Holy Saturday), April 5 (Easter Sunday), April 6 (Easter Monday), June 8 (Queen's Birthday), July 23 (National Remembrance Day), August 26 (National Day of Repentance), September 16 (Independence Day), December 25 (Christmas Day) and December 26 (Boxing Day).

Climate and Weather

The climate of Papua New Guinea is tropical climate with rainfall. It has an average temperature of 28-degree centigrade. The humidity of the region is quite high. Typhoons can hit this region from December to mid March. Earthquake in Papua region are quite common and sometimes they can be accomplished with tsunamis.

Travelling and Tourism

Tourism is a fledgling industry in the Papua New Guinea, but the major attractions include the festivals, diving, surfing, fishing, hiking and the exclusive flora and fauna. You can travel The USA and from many places to the Papua New Guinea.

Vacation and Destinations

There are many vacation destinations to visit in the Papua New Guinea and they are Kitava Island in Trobriand Islands, Mount Wilhelm, Rainforest Habitat, Kokopo War Museum and many more in the nearby places.

Some facts about Papua New Guinea

Population of country 6,064,515 people
Area of Papua New Guinea 462,840 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Oceania (OC)
Capital of Papua New Guinea Port Moresby
Currency at Papua New Guinea Kina (PGK)
Domain Zone .pg
Phone country code 675
FIPS code of Papua New Guinea PP

Gallery of Papua New Guinea

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Papua New Guinea video guide

More information about Papua New Guinea

Climate of Papua New Guinea:
  • tropical
  • northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October)
  • slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrain of Papua New Guinea:
  • mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Papua New Guinea also has such useful resources as: gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries.

Top cities of Papua New Guinea


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Port Moresby 283,733 people National Capital District -9.44314 x 147.17972
2 Lae 76,255 people Morobe Province -6.72208 x 146.98469
3 Arawa 40,266 people Bougainville -6.21319 x 155.53674
4 Mount Hagen 33,623 people Western Highlands Province -5.8581 x 144.22744
5 Popondetta 28,198 people Northern Province -8.75367 x 148.25342
6 Madang 27,419 people Madang Province -5.22465 x 145.79656
7 Kokopo 26,273 people East New Britain Province -4.35202 x 152.26327
8 Mendi 26,252 people Southern Highlands Province -6.17608 x 143.65134
9 Kimbe 18,847 people West New Britain Province -5.55021 x 150.14285
10 Goroka 18,503 people Eastern Highlands Province -6.08336 x 145.38735
11 Wewak 18,230 people East Sepik Province -3.55342 x 143.62678
12 Bulolo 16,042 people Morobe Province -7.2 x 146.65
13 Daru 15,214 people Western Province -9.07628 x 143.20919
14 Wau 14,629 people Morobe Province -7.33514 x 146.71798
15 Kavieng 14,490 people New Ireland -2.57444 x 150.79669
16 Kiunga 11,536 people Western Province -6.12193 x 141.29061
17 Vanimo 11,204 people Sandaun Province -2.67408 x 141.30284
18 Kundiawa 9,383 people Chimbu Province -6.01667 x 144.96667
19 Kainantu 8,509 people Eastern Highlands Province -6.28872 x 145.86548
20 Rabaul 8,074 people East New Britain Province -4.19671 x 152.17215
21 Ialibu 6,915 people Southern Highlands Province -6.28208 x 143.99354
22 Kokoda 6,199 people Northern Province -8.87853 x 147.74073
23 Lorengau 5,806 people Manus Province -2.02259 x 147.27119
24 Kerema 5,646 people Gulf Province -7.96309 x 145.77851
25 Aitape 5,547 people Sandaun Province -3.13744 x 142.3475
26 Wabag 3,958 people Enga Province -5.47808 x 143.70215
27 Kieta 3,611 people Bougainville -6.21667 x 155.63333
28 Panguna 2,916 people Bougainville -6.3164 x 155.48483
29 Morehead 2,246 people Western Province -8.71066 x 141.63668
30 Ambunti 2,073 people East Sepik Province -4.23653 x 142.84485

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