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Peru

Description of Peru

Peru is the third largest country in South America. The country occupies an area of 1,285,216 square kilometers, where live over 23 million people. As for ethnic composition, it is divided as follows: 50% - the Indians, 35% - the white race and half-breeds, and 15% - the Negros and oriental race. Despite the fact that a large part of the population is the Indians, Peru’s general information warns tourists that the locals should not be called "Indians" aloud because it is considered an insult. Peru shares its borders with Ecuador and Colombia in the north, with Chile in the south, and with Bolivia and Brazil in the east; it is washed by the Pacific Ocean in the west.

The official monetary unit of the country is Nuevo Sol. 1 dollar is approximately 3.5 nuevos soles. Major currencies can be exchanged at banks, which operate from 09:15 to 18:00 (Monday-Friday) and from 09:30 to 12:00 (Saturday). The exchange of old and worn notes can be complicated. As for credit cards, they can serve only in the capital and in major tourist centers.

The official languages are Spanish and Quechua; in some areas other Indian dialects are common. If you speak English, you will be understood in the airport, hotel or travel agency, but in general, is almost never used there.

Some facts about Peru

Population of country 29,907,003 people
Area of Peru 1,285,220 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent (SA)
Capital of Peru Lima
Currency at Peru Sol (PEN)
Domain Zone .pe
Phone country code 51
FIPS code of Peru PE

Gallery of Peru

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Peru video guide

More information about Peru

Climate of Peru:
  • varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west
  • temperate to frigid in Andes
Terrain of Peru:
  • western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)
Peru also has such useful resources as: copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas.

Top cities of Peru


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Lima 7,737,002 people Provincia de Lima -12.04318 x -77.02824
2 Arequipa 841,130 people Departamento de Arequipa -16.39889 x -71.535
3 Callao 813,264 people Provincia Constitucional del Callao -12.06667 x -77.15
4 Trujillo 747,450 people Departamento de La Libertad -8.11599 x -79.02998
5 Chiclayo 577,375 people Departamento de Lambayeque -6.77361 x -79.84167
6 Iquitos 437,620 people Departamento de Loreto -3.74806 x -73.24722
7 Huancayo 376,657 people Departamento de Junin -12.06667 x -75.23333
8 Piura 325,466 people Departamento de Piura -5.2 x -80.63333
9 Chimbote 316,966 people Departamento de Ancash -9.08528 x -78.57833
10 Cusco 312,140 people Departamento de Cusco -13.51833 x -71.97806
11 Pucallpa 310,750 people Departamento de Ucayali -8.37915 x -74.55387
12 Tacna 280,098 people Departamento de Tacna -18.00556 x -70.24833
13 Ica 246,844 people Departamento de Ica -14.06528 x -75.73083
14 Juliaca 245,675 people Departamento de Puno -15.5 x -70.13333
15 Sullana 160,789 people Departamento de Piura -4.90389 x -80.68528
16 Chincha Alta 153,076 people Departamento de Ica -13.40985 x -76.13235
17 Huanuco 147,959 people Departamento de Huanuco -9.9329 x -76.24153
18 Ayacucho 140,033 people Departamento de Ayacucho -13.15833 x -74.22389
19 Cajamarca 135,000 people Departamento de Cajamarca -7.16378 x -78.50027
20 Puno 116,552 people Departamento de Puno -15.83333 x -70.03333
21 Tumbes 109,223 people Departamento de Tumbes -3.56667 x -80.44139
22 Talara 99,074 people Departamento de Piura -4.57722 x -81.27194
23 Chosica 88,606 people Departamento de Lima -11.94306 x -76.70944
24 Huaraz 86,934 people Departamento de Ancash -9.53333 x -77.53333
25 Cerro de Pasco 78,910 people Departamento de Pasco -10.68333 x -76.26667
26 Chulucanas 68,835 people Departamento de Piura -5.0925 x -80.1625
27 San Isidro 68,309 people Departamento de Lima -12.11667 x -77.05
28 Huaral 62,174 people Departamento de Lima -11.495 x -77.20778
29 Pisco 61,869 people Departamento de Ica -13.7 x -76.21667
30 Catacaos 57,304 people Departamento de Piura -5.26667 x -80.68333

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