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South Africa

Description of South Africa

Time zone: The time difference between Moscow and the South African cities is of 2 hours. For example, when in Moscow is 7:00 am, in Pretoria - 5:00 am. But this difference varies due to the transition to daylight saving time. Herewith, the seasons of "winter" and "summer" in South Africa and Russia are not the same.

Monetary unit: The monetary unit of the country is the South African rand. One rand is equal to 100 cents. There are banknotes with a face value of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 rands in circulation. One U.S. dollar is equal to about 7 rands.

Language: In South Africa, 11 languages ​​of different nationalities and ethnic groups living in the country are approved as official: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Xhosa, Zulu, Pedi, Sotho, Tswana, Swazi, Venda, and Tsonga. According to the statistics of 1996, the most common language is Zulu. It is spoken by about 22.9% of the population. The second most popular is the Xhosa language - 17.9%, followed by Afrikaans - 14.4%, and then by Pedi - 9.2%. English is spoken by about 8.6% of the population. However, it is the language widely used in official and business contacts.

Visa: Any foreigner going to visit South Africa as a tourist, for business purposes or for a transit through South Africa must have a valid foreign passport, travel documents and a visa to South Africa. The cost of consideration of the documents for the visa issue, regardless of whether a visa is a single or multiple, and also regardless of the type of visa, is of $ 50 U.S. In case of refusal of visa the mentioned commission is not refundable. When considering the issue of visas to persons mentioned as dependents in the passport of the visa applicant, the commission is not charged.

Customs restrictions: The order in South Africa is based on international rules and practically does not differ from that in Russia. It is permitted to import duty-free in South Africa: 400 cigarettes, 50 cigars, 250 grams of pipe tobacco, 2 liters of wine and 1 liter of other alcoholic drinks, 50 ml of perfume, 250 ml of Eau de Toilette, gifts and souvenirs with a value of about $ 100, or other goods.

South Africa is the most southern country of the African continent, which is the second largest on the planet, and the first by the number of countries located in its territory (53, including Madagascar). South Africa shares its borders with Mozambique in the north-east, with Zimbabwe and Botswana in the north, and with Namibia in the north-west. In the territory of South Africa are two independent states - the mountain kingdoms of Lesotho and Swaziland.

Some facts about South Africa

Population of country 49,000,000 people
Area of South Africa 1,219,912 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Africa (AF)
Capital of South Africa Pretoria
Currency at South Africa Rand (ZAR)
Domain Zone .za
Phone country code 27
FIPS code of South Africa SF

Gallery of South Africa

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South Africa video guide

More information about South Africa

Climate of South Africa:
  • mostly semiarid
  • subtropical along east coast
  • sunny days, cool nights
Terrain of South Africa:
  • vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain
South Africa also has such useful resources as: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas.

Top cities of South Africa


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Cape Town 3,433,441 people Province of the Western Cape -33.92584 x 18.42322
2 Durban 3,120,282 people KwaZulu-Natal -29.8579 x 31.0292
3 Johannesburg 2,026,469 people Gauteng -26.20227 x 28.04363
4 Soweto 1,695,047 people Gauteng -26.26781 x 27.85849
5 Pretoria 1,619,438 people Gauteng -25.74486 x 28.18783
6 Port Elizabeth 967,677 people Province of Eastern Cape -33.96667 x 25.58333
7 Pietermaritzburg 750,845 people KwaZulu-Natal -29.61678 x 30.39278
8 Benoni 605,344 people Gauteng -26.18848 x 28.32078
9 Tembisa 511,655 people Gauteng -25.99636 x 28.2268
10 East London 478,676 people Province of Eastern Cape -33.01529 x 27.91162
11 Vereeniging 474,681 people Gauteng -26.67313 x 27.92615
12 Bloemfontein 463,064 people Free State -29.12106 x 26.214
13 Boksburg 445,168 people Gauteng -26.21197 x 28.25958
14 Welkom 431,944 people Free State -27.98644 x 26.70661
15 Newcastle 404,838 people KwaZulu-Natal -27.75 x 29.93333
16 Krugersdorp 378,821 people Gauteng -26.1 x 27.76667
17 Botshabelo 309,714 people Free State -29.27016 x 26.7052
18 Brakpan 305,692 people Gauteng -26.23333 x 28.36667
19 Witbank 262,491 people Mpumalanga -25.86667 x 29.23333
20 Richards Bay 252,968 people KwaZulu-Natal -28.78301 x 32.03768
21 Vanderbijlpark 246,754 people Gauteng -26.71171 x 27.83795
22 Centurion 233,386 people Gauteng -25.85891 x 28.18577
23 Uitenhage 228,912 people Province of Eastern Cape -33.76528 x 25.40222
24 Roodepoort 225,000 people Gauteng -26.1625 x 27.8725
25 Noorder-Paarl 187,865 people Province of the Western Cape -33.70468 x 18.96552
26 Springs 186,394 people Gauteng -26.25 x 28.4
27 Carletonville 182,304 people Gauteng -26.36094 x 27.39767
28 Klerksdorp 178,921 people Province of North-West -26.85213 x 26.66672
29 George 174,582 people Province of the Western Cape -33.96667 x 22.45
30 Midrand 173,009 people Gauteng -25.96361 x 28.13778

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