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Sweden

Description of Sweden

Sweden is a North European country. It occupies the eastern and the southern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. In the west Sweden borders with Norway, in the north-east - with Finland. In the east and south is washed by the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia. Sweden includes two large islands - Gotland and Öland, which are situated in the Baltic Sea.

The north and the west of the country are dominated by plains and mountains; on the border with Norway the Scandinavian mountains are stretched. There is a dense system of rivers and lakes in Sweden. The rivers flow in narrow valleys and have many rapids and waterfalls. Lakes make a characteristic feature of the Swedish landscape. They occupy more than 8% of the country. The largest of them are in low-lying parts of Sweden.

The relief of the northern and southern Sweden is diverse. In the northern and western parts of the country lie the Scandinavian mountains (the highest point is the Kebnekaise Mountain with a height of 2123 m), which represent a combination of ridges with lots of alpine terrain, plateaus and intermountain depressions. In northern Sweden, is a plateau Norland (with a height from 200 to 800 m), which drops from the Scandinavian mountains to the Gulf of Bothnia with some extensive steps and limited ledges. Southward, is the middle Swedish lowland, within which one can find mountain ridges and separate ranges treated by ancient glaciers, alternated with flat depressions, the main part of which is occupied by lakes.

Forests cover more than half of the country - more than 23 million hectares; in accordance to this, Sweden ranks first in Europe. The country is rich in taiga forests on podzolic soils, forming large massifs to the north of latitude 60 ° North and consisting mainly of pine and spruce, with a mixture of birch, aspen, and other hardwoods. Southward, are mixed coniferous-deciduous forests on sod-podzolic soils, and in the peninsula of Skåne - deciduous forests of oaks and beeches on brown forest soils.

About 14% of the country is occupied by marshes (mainly in Norland). In the Scandinavian mountains at an altitude of 900-950 m in the south and 350 - 400 m in the north, mountain taiga vegetation on mountain podzolic soils is located. Above this, are birch crooked trees, breaking into swampy mountain tundra with a combination of mosses, lichens, juniper, dwarf birch, and berry bushes on the mountain tundra and marsh soils. The tundra vegetation covers about 15% of the Swedish territory. Plains and coastlines are dominated by heaths, lands of meadows, and mixed forests: maple, ash, oak, and linden. In the extreme south and south-west there are beech forests.

Despite the entry of European countries to the European Union, Sweden has kept its national currency - Swedish krona - SEK. 1 krona is 100 oeras. Bank-notes of 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 kronas; coins of 50 oeras; coins of 1, 5 and 10 kronas are issued. Swedish krona exchange rate can be estimated as approximately 10 kronas = 1 Euro. You can always find a precise course in the banks.

Some facts about Sweden

Population of country 9,045,000 people
Area of Sweden 449,964 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Sweden Stockholm
Currency at Sweden Krona (SEK)
Domain Zone .se
Phone country code 46
FIPS code of Sweden SW

Gallery of Sweden

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Sweden video guide

More information about Sweden

Climate of Sweden:
  • temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers
  • subarctic in north
Terrain of Sweden:
  • mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands
  • mountains in west
Sweden also has such useful resources as: iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower.

Top cities of Sweden


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Stockholm 1,253,309 people Stockholm 59.33258 x 18.0649
2 Goeteborg 504,084 people Vaestra Goetaland 57.70716 x 11.96679
3 Malmoe 261,548 people Skane 55.60587 x 13.00073
4 Uppsala 127,734 people Uppsala 59.8585 x 17.64543
5 Kista 120,000 people Stockholm 59.40316 x 17.94479
6 Vasteras 107,194 people Vaestmanland 59.61617 x 16.55276
7 Orebro 98,573 people OErebro 59.27412 x 15.2066
8 Linkoping 96,732 people OEstergoetland 58.41667 x 15.61667
9 Helsingborg 91,025 people Skane 56.04673 x 12.69437
10 Huddinge 90,182 people Stockholm 59.23705 x 17.98192
11 Jonkoping 83,202 people Joenkoeping 57.78145 x 14.15618
12 Norrkoping 82,903 people OEstergoetland 58.59419 x 16.1826
13 Lund 76,263 people Skane 55.70584 x 13.19321
14 Haninge 74,968 people Stockholm 59.16775 x 18.14478
15 Umea 74,005 people Vaesterbotten 63.82842 x 20.25972
16 Gavle 68,635 people Gaevleborg 60.67452 x 17.14174
17 Solna 66,909 people Stockholm 59.36004 x 18.00086
18 Boras 63,223 people Vaestra Goetaland 57.72101 x 12.9401
19 Bromma 61,000 people Stockholm 59.34 x 17.94
20 Soedertaelje 60,279 people Stockholm 59.19554 x 17.62525
21 Vaexjoe 59,600 people Kronoberg 56.87767 x 14.80906
22 Moelndal 59,430 people Vaestra Goetaland 57.6554 x 12.01378
23 Karlstad 59,266 people Vaermland 59.3793 x 13.50357
24 Eskilstuna 59,016 people Soedermanland 59.36661 x 16.5077
25 Sollentuna 58,897 people Stockholm 59.42804 x 17.95093
26 Taby 58,123 people Stockholm 59.4439 x 18.06872
27 Halmstad 55,657 people Halland 56.67446 x 12.85676
28 Sundsvall 48,463 people Vaesternorrland 62.39129 x 17.3063
29 Lulea 45,551 people Norrbotten 65.58415 x 22.15465
30 Trollhattan 44,522 people Vaestra Goetaland 58.28365 x 12.28864

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