...

Turkey

Description of Turkey

The European part of Turkey, East Thrace or Rumelia, is a hilly plateau situated about 1,000 meters above sea level. The Asian part, Asia Minor or Anatolia, is bounded by mountain ranges: in the north by the Pontus Mountains, in the south by the Taurus Mountains. Between the mountain ranges the Anatolian Plateau is located, with an average altitude of 1000 meters above sea level, cut by river valleys and volcanic cones. The highest mountain of Western Anatolia, Uludag, near Bursa has a height of 2543 meters, and the Great Ararat (in Turkish - Agri) in Eastern Anatolia reaches even 5165 meters. According to legend, there is the Noah's Ark on Ararat, the remains of which are still not found.

Turkey shares its borders with Greece and Bulgaria in the west, with Georgia, Armenia and Iran in the east, and with Iraq and Syria in the south. Turkey is also washed by three seas: in the south – by the Mediterranean, in the west - the Aegean, and in the north – the Black. Waterway corridor consisting of the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus and the Dardanelles, divides it into the European and Asian parts and serves as a natural way from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean and then to the Atlantic. Land boundaries are of 2700 km, coastline - 6000 km.

The country has a republican government proclaimed on October 29, 1923. Legislative power belongs to the Parliament. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Council of Ministers. The president is elected by the Parliament for seven years’ term.

Some facts about Turkey

Population of country 77,804,122 people
Area of Turkey 780,580 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Middle East (AS)
Capital of Turkey Ankara
Currency at Turkey Lira (TRY)
Domain Zone .tr
Phone country code 90
FIPS code of Turkey TU

Gallery of Turkey

Turkey
Turkey

#01 photo

Turkey: 01 фото Turkey
Turkey
Turkey

#02 photo

Turkey: 02 фото Turkey
Turkey
Turkey

#03 photo

Turkey: 03 фото Turkey
Turkey
Turkey

#04 photo

Turkey: 04 фото Turkey
Turkey
Turkey

#05 photo

Turkey: 05 фото Turkey
Turkey
Turkey

#06 photo

Turkey: 06 фото Turkey
Turkey
Turkey

#07 photo

Turkey: 07 фото Turkey
Turkey
Turkey

#08 photo

Turkey: 08 фото Turkey

Turkey video guide

More information about Turkey

Climate of Turkey:
  • temperate
  • hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters
  • harsher in interior
Terrain of Turkey:
  • high central plateau (Anatolia)
  • narrow coastal plain
  • several mountain ranges
Turkey also has such useful resources as: coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower.

Top cities of Turkey


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Istanbul 11,174,257 people Istanbul 41.01384 x 28.94966
2 Ankara 3,517,182 people Ankara 39.91987 x 32.85427
3 Izmir 2,500,603 people Izmir 38.41273 x 27.13838
4 Bursa 1,412,701 people Bursa 40.19167 x 29.06111
5 Adana 1,248,988 people Adana 37.00167 x 35.32889
6 Gaziantep 1,065,975 people Gaziantep 37.05944 x 37.3825
7 Konya 875,530 people Konya 37.87135 x 32.48464
8 Cankaya 792,189 people Ankara 39.9179 x 32.86268
9 Antalya 758,188 people Antalya 36.9125 x 30.68972
10 Bagcilar 724,270 people Istanbul 41.03903 x 28.85671
11 Diyarbakir 644,763 people Diyarbakir 37.91583 x 40.21889
12 Kayseri 592,840 people Kayseri 38.73222 x 35.48528
13 Bahcelievler 576,799 people Istanbul 41.00231 x 28.8598
14 Umraniye 573,265 people Istanbul 41.01643 x 29.12476
15 Mercin 537,842 people Mersin 36.79526 x 34.61792
16 Esenler 520,235 people Istanbul 41.0435 x 28.87619
17 Eskisehir 514,869 people Eskisehir 39.77667 x 30.52056
18 Karabaglar 458,000 people Izmir 38.37396 x 27.1352
19 Sanliurfa 449,549 people Sanliurfa 37.16708 x 38.79392
20 Malatya 441,805 people Malatya 38.35018 x 38.31667
21 Sultangazi 436,935 people Istanbul 41.10652 x 28.86847
22 Maltepe 427,040 people Istanbul 40.93567 x 29.15507
23 Erzurum 420,691 people Erzurum 39.90861 x 41.27694
24 Samsun 394,050 people Samsun 41.28667 x 36.33
25 Kahramanmaras 376,045 people Kahramanmaras 37.5847 x 36.9264
26 Van 371,713 people Van 38.49239 x 43.38311
27 Atasehir 361,615 people Istanbul 40.9833 x 29.1167
28 Sisli 314,684 people Istanbul 41.06046 x 28.98717
29 Denizli 313,238 people Denizli 37.77417 x 29.0875
30 Batman 302,074 people Batman 37.88738 x 41.13221

© 2016 vevesworld.com Contact Us